How families are creating step-by-step plans for poverty elimination

This family has used the Poverty Stoplight to self-assess their situation and needs. They will now work with Fundación Paraguaya to develop a plan to lift themselves out of poverty.

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Fundación Paraguaya declared its support for the goal of helping 100 million families lift themselves out of extreme poverty by making a Campaign Commitment at the 17th Microcredit Summit in Merida, Mexico. The Microcredit Summit Campaign recently caught up with Fundación Paraguaya to learn about the ways they are working towards the end of extreme poverty.

Luis Fernando Sanabria: what drives their Commitment to end extreme poverty


>> By Luis Fernando Sanabria, Gerente General, Fundación Paraguaya

logo_fundacionparaguaya

This year, Fundación Paraguaya celebrates its 30-year anniversary working in microfinance and entrepreneurial education. During this time, we have seen the following economic progress of many of our clients and their families: increased income (116 percent on average), better business management practices, and increased loan amounts.

In spite of these inspiring achievements, we know that many of our clients and their families have remained poor even when they earn more money. While many clients have significantly increased their income, others hover near the official poverty line or have unstable income and lack family savings. Moreover, many of the families we work with lack modern bathrooms, live in overcrowded and unsafe housing, cook on the ground, have no access to clean water, do not vaccinate their children nor send them to school, and live in contaminated environments. Additionally, many suffer from low self-esteem, do not have entrepreneurial spirit, and are victims of domestic violence.

The above description shows us that families can be poor in many ways. Poverty, as we have come to understand, can be seen as a “grey cloud” that hinders poor families because it can so complex and overwhelming that they do not know where to start. Fundación Paraguaya has developed the Poverty Stoplight to simplify and operationalize this concept by dividing the problem of poverty into smaller pieces so that families can overcome their deprivations step-by-step. The Poverty Stoplight methodology is based on the following principles:

  1. Poverty is multidimensional.
  2. Poverty can be eliminated.
  3. Poverty affects different families in different ways.
  4. Poor people should take a participatory role in overcoming their own poverty condition instead of being simply program beneficiaries.
  5. Given that poverty is multidimensional, the involvement of multiples role players from the public and private sector as well as the civil society is needed in order to eliminate it.
Don Aníbal Borja is a client from Fundacion Paraguya

Don Aníbal Borja is a client from Fundacion Paraguya, watch his interview HERE

We have deconstructed the concept of poverty into 6 dimensions that are operationalized in 50 indicators. These dimensions are: Income and Employment, Health and Environment, Housing and Infrastructure, Education and Culture, Organization and Participation, Interiority and Motivation. In the Poverty Stoplight, all indicators have the same weight. That is, it is not an index but a dashboard, a list of items that define how poverty affects a particular family.

Families are “owners” of their poverty and therefore must accountability and an active role to overcome it. Fundación Paraguaya’s role in this process is to offer each family a “Menu of Solutions” to the different poverty indicators (goods and services), and at the same time, develop a plan based on the Influencer theory[1] to train and motivate families to solve the issues of poverty that affect them. This “Menu” defines solutions that (a) are directly provided by our organization, (b) are made available through strategic partnerships (with NGOs, government, and the private sector), and (c) originate from the social activism of each individual family.

The Poverty Stoplight methodology starts with a family self-assessment. For this, families with support from an advisor take a visual survey using software developed in partnership with Hewlett Packard. The visual survey uses pictures to illustrate different situations of poverty for each of the 50 indicators. Each family evaluates their situation and for each indicator they select the picture that better depicts their family condition. Indicators have three possible definitions (defined by 3 pictures) and define situations of extreme poverty (red), poverty (yellow) and non-poverty (green).  In addition, the software allows us to geo-tag Poverty Stoplight data, which results in a “Poverty Map” displaying how each indicators affect different families.

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Upon complementing the 50 indicators self-assessment, families have a better understanding of how poverty affects them: they can see how many “reds” and “yellows” they have. At the same time, they can see that family already has “blessings” or aspects in which the family is no longer poor. This is visualized by all the “greens” displayed in their Poverty Stoplight. With support from a village bank advisor, families then create a “Life Map”; that is, they identify the indicators they want to solve, and establish family’s short and long-term goals aimed at overcoming poverty (turning all indicators from red and yellow into green).

The Poverty Stoplight approach has been applied in different settings. In addition to its microfinance clients, Fundación Paraguaya has applied this methodology with its 400 employees during the past three years. As a result, 35 businesses and private industries in Paraguay are using the Poverty Stoplight in order to better understand their employees’ situation and help their families overcome poverty. Moreover, the Government of Paraguay’s Central Department[2] has started a pilot project at a marginalized neighborhood, which is being followed by the Government of Villa Hayes Department.[3] At an international level, organizations from 18 different countries have launched pilot projects using the Poverty Stoplight methodology in Tanzania, India, South Africa, Uganda, Nigeria, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Guatemala, and others.

Our institution aims at achieving financial inclusion of poor families with the soul purpose that they overcome poverty. Using the Poverty Stoplight methodology, 20,000 families have overcome income poverty, and 2,000 families have overcome multidimensional poverty as measured by the 50 indicators over the past 3 years.

With the Microcredit Summit Campaign, we are committed to reach 125,000 families in the next three years, contributing to a total of 30,000 families that overcome income poverty and a total of 9,000 families that overcome multidimensional poverty in all 50 indicators in Paraguay.

Every family has all of the accumulated potential needed to overcome poverty. Our role as a microfinance institution is to develop appropriate methodologies to unleash that potential. The Poverty Stoplight is our way of “rubbing the magic lamp” to liberate the energy trapped within each family to overcome poverty.

The same family from the top of the article has gone through the Stoplight process and now their situation is much improved.

The same family from the top of the article has gone through the Stoplight process and now their situation is much improved.

[1] Influencer Theory, developed by https://www.vitalsmarts.com

[2] Regional Government, Paraguay

[3] Regional Government, Paraguay

To learn more about Fundacion Paraguaya, click here.


Join Fundación Paraguaya in stating YOUR Campaign Commitment!


Más que inclusión financiera, eliminación de pobreza

Este año Fundación Paraguaya cumple 30 años trabajando en programas de emprendedurismo y microfinanzas. Durante este tiempo, hemos visto el progreso económico de muchos de nuestros clientes; como aumentaban sus ingresos (en promedio, 116%!), administraban mejor sus negocios e incrementaban los montos de préstamos solicitados.

Sin embargo, muchos de ellos siguen siendo pobres! Aunque aumentaron sus ingresos significativamente, muchos no superan la línea de pobreza nacional, o sus ingresos son inestables o no tienen ahorros. Muchos siguen careciendo de baño moderno, viven hacinados y en viviendas inseguras, cocinan en el suelo, no tienen acceso a agua potable, no vacunan a sus hijos, no los educan y viven en un medio ambiente inapropiado. Muchos sufren de baja autoestima, no tienen espíritu emprendedor, y sufren de violencia doméstica.

Muchas maneras de ser pobre. La pobreza es como una “nube gris” que aplasta a las familias pobres, pues es tan compleja que las mismas no saben por donde empezar!. Fundación Paraguaya ha desarrollado el Semáforo de Eliminación de Pobreza para simplificar y operativizar el concepto y dividirlo en “pedacitos” de manera que las familias puedan resolver sus carencias paso a paso.

La metodología, se basa en las siguientes premisas: 1) la pobreza es multidimensional, 2) la pobreza puede ser eliminada, 3) la pobreza afecta de manera distinta a cada familia, 4) la familia debe ser protagonista en su salida de pobreza, 5) se debe involucrar a la mayor cantidad posible de actores para que contribuyan a eliminar la pobreza: familias, ONGs, gobiernos, empresa privada.

Hemos dividido el concepto de pobreza en 6 dimensiones, operativizadas por 50 indicadores. Las dimensiones son Ingresos y Empleo, Educación y Cultura, Vivienda e Infraestructura, Salud y Medio Ambiente, Organización y Participación e Interioridad y Motivación. Todos los indicadores tienen el mismo peso: no se trata de un índice sino mas bien de un listado de ítems que definen la pobreza.

Las familias son las “dueñas de su pobreza” y quienes deben superarla. El rol de la Fundación es poner a disposición de las mismas un “Menú” de soluciones a los indicadores de pobreza (bienes y servicios) y desarrollar un Plan de Influencia Positiva[4] para capacitar y motivar a las familias. Este “menú” contiene soluciones (a) proveídas directamente por la institución, (b) a través de alianzas (gobiernos, ONGs., empresas privadas), o (c) mediante el activismo social de las mismas familias.

El programa se inicia con una autoevaluación de las familias para lo cual utilizan un software (desarrollado con HP) que emplea fotografías para ilustrar los 50 indicadores de pobreza. Cada familia se autoevalúa (en cada indicador) como pobre extremo (Rojo), pobre no extremo (Amarillo) o no pobre (verde). El software permite georeferenciar la información, lo que nos proporciona un mapa de la pobreza, indicador por indicador, familia por familia.

Una vez que se ha autoevaluado en los 50 indicadores, cada familia sabe en que consiste su pobreza: cuantos y cuales rojos y amarillo tiene. Pero también sabe cuales son sus bendiciones: cuantos y cuales verde tiene. Con la ayuda de su asesora de crédito, la familia construye su Mapa de Vida; es decir establece sus metas para el año y para los subsiguientes y las acciones que tomará para transformar sus amarillos y rojos en verdes.

El Semáforo de Eliminación de Pobreza ya esta siendo utilizado en otros ámbitos. La Fundación lleva tres años implementándolo con sus propios colaboradores (400), pero además otras 35 empresas e industrias privadas en Paraguay están utilizando la metodología para lograr que sus empleados superen la pobreza. Además, la Gobernación del Departamento Central[5] ha iniciado un piloto en un barrio marginal y la Gobernación de Presidente Hayes[6] está próxima a hacerlo. Finalmente, organizaciones de 18 países han iniciado proyectos piloto de implementación de la metodología (Tanzania, India, Sudáfrica, Uganda, Nigeria, Rca. Dominicana, Colombia, Guatemala, entre otros).

Nuestra institución apunta a lograr la inclusión financiera de familias pobres con el único objetivo de que esta estas superen la pobreza. Mediante la metodología del Semáforo de Eliminación de Pobreza en los últimos 3 años hemos logrado que 20.000 familias superen la pobreza de ingresos y que 2.000 superen la pobreza multidimensional.

Nuestro compromiso con la Cumbre del Microcrédito es alcanzar 125.000 familias en los próximos 3 años y lograr que 30.000 superen la pobreza de ingresos y 9.000 superen la pobreza multidimensional.

Todas las familias tienen el potencial que se necesita para superar su propia pobreza. Nuestro rol como organizaciones de Microfinanzas es desarrollar la metodología apropiada para liberar este potencial. El Semáforo de Eliminación de Pobreza es nuestra manera de “frotar la lámpara mágica” para liberar la energía que cada familia tiene atrapada.

[4] Teoría de Influencia Positiva, desarrollada por https://www.vitalsmarts.com
[5] Gobierno Regional, Paraguay
[6] Gobierno Regional, Paraguay

One thought on “How families are creating step-by-step plans for poverty elimination

  1. Pingback: #tbt: Lobbying the World Bank, Part II | 100 Million Ideas

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